Mat Foundations Mat foundations are also called raft foundations.
The basic type of foundation is the spread footing or isolated footing.
The article, could be referred to for further information.
Strap Footings With the limited space in the land, it may be required to extend the building up to the boundary wall.
The load of the superstructure is transmitted to the foundation or substructure through either columns or walls.
A mat foundation is considered to be a shallow foundation if it is constructed at or near ground surface.